tv Japanese President Abe Remarks at U.N. General Assembly CSPAN September 21, 2017 2:43am-3:05am EDT
reach agreement in a steadfast manner, meeting quality investment, moreover, what japan wants to safeguard is the free, liberal, international order and multilateral framework. the world holds high expectations toward the u.n. as the flag bearer. that is exactly why the city council should be reformed without delay, in response to the demands. japan will strive, together with its friends, to achieve these reforms. i have confronted the state, japan wants to play an active role in world peace as a permanent member of the security council.
however, i have no choice but to focus my remarks on a single issue, north korea. north korea conducted a nuclear test on september 3. whether or not it was a hydrogen bomb test, its scale far exceeded that of previous tests. both before and after that on august 29 and september 15, before the ink on resolution 23 past to impose actions on north korea was even dry, north korea launched missiles. both of these were launched to fly over japan and make a display within cruising range. the gravity of this threat is
unprecedented. it is indisputably a matter of urgency. north korea is attempting to dismiss the efforts we have assiduously undertaken over the years. the nonproliferation regime is about to suffer a serious blow from its disruptor. mr. president, distinguished colleagues, this recent crisis is altogether different qualitatively, and those we have alluded every time some dictator has attempted to acquire weapons of mass destruction. north korea's nuclear weapons either already are or are on the
verge of becoming hydrogen bombs. their means of delivery will sooner or later be icbm's. over the more than 20 years since the end of the cold war, when and where and to what dictators have we allowed such self-indulgence? it turns out, it is only toward north korea. that is the reality we find. and, it was absolutely not a lack of dialogue that gave rise to the situation. dialogue dissuaded north korea from pursuing its nuclear ambitions, the dialogue supported many of us to believe the world had been saved from crisis, believing thus, many of us have failed to believe not once, but twice.
the first time was in the early 1990's. at the time, the threat north korea posed was little more than openly displaying. however, tensions were felt by rmise who summarize -- su the intent of that. after many twists and turns, in october of 1994, what is known as the agreed framework was realized between the u.s. and north korea. under the framework, north korea would be made to abandon its nuclear plans. in exchange, we would provide incentives to north korea. towards that end, japan, the u.s. organized in march the following year, as the agent, we
pledge to build and handover two reactors to north korea and provide 500,000 tons of heavy fuel oil annually as a stopgap measure of energy demands. this was all carried out accordingly. however, time went by. it came to be known that north korea had been continuing steadily its uranium enrichment. they had never intended to abandon their nuclear ambitions. this became readily apparent. seven years after founded, it ceased its operations. during that period, north korea defrauded the countries. countries that recognized in the
framework of providing incentives to change north korea's actions, came to join. the european union, canada, indonesia, chile, the czech republic and uzbekistan. north korea betrayed the good faith all those members. one of the organization's founding members, japan had intended to give a loan. they had fulfilled roughly 40% of that. the pledged amount was $1 billion, 400 million fulfilled. the second crisis occurred in 2002. it suspended its operation and north korea said it would end
the freeze on its nuclear facilities. the concern was that again, north korea was continuing its energy, and they chose the path of defusing the situation through dialogue. north korea, china and russia joined the three founding members. to launch the talks in august 2003. subsequently, after two years, after twists and turns, the six parties reached an agreement, resulting in the release of a joint statement. north korea committed to abandoning all nuclear programs and returning to safeguards. two years after that, in
february 2007, an agreement was concluded regarding what each of the six parties should do toward implementing the joint statement. a group of iaea inspectors there verified the shutdown of facilities in pyongyang. and in return north korea received oil. a series of events make people think that tenaciously continuing dialogue had this time finally caused north korea to change its actions. thus, what actually happened. in february 2005, while the six party talks were under way, north korea declared unilaterally it was already in
possession of nuclear weapons. moreover, in october 2006, it openly carried out its first nuclear tests. the second nuclear test was in 2009. ultimately, that same year, north korea announced its withdrawal from the six party talks, saying it would never again take part in such talks. around this time, it was firing ballistic missiles on a repeated basis. mr. president, distinguished colleagues, over the course of more than a decade, beginning in 1994, the international community continued its efforts toward dialogue with north korea with great perseverance, first through the agreed framework and later through the six party talks.
however, what we had to learn was that during the time this dialogue continued, north korea had no intention whatsoever of abandoning its nuclear missile development. for north korea, dialogue was instead the best means of deceiving us and buying time. in 1994, north korea had no nuclear weapons. even its ballistic missile technology was far from mature. yet it is now working to obtain hydrogen bombs and icbm's. again and again, attempts to resolve issues through dialogue have all come to nod.
we are now repeating the very same failure a third time. we must make north korea abandon all nuclear programs, in an irreversible manner. what is needed to do that is not dialogue, but pressure. mr. president, distinguished colleagues, on november 15, already 40 years will have passed since a 13-year-old girl was abducted by north korea. she and many other japanese remain abducted and others remain abducted in north korea,
even to this day. i will continue to do all possible efforts so they can set foot on japan's soil as soon as possible. until the day they will be in the arms of their parents and family members. japan can face up to north korea's nuclear threats through the japan-u.s. alliance and through japan's u.s. and r.o.k-acting community. we consistently support the stance of the united states that all options are on the table. also, i appreciate the unanimous adoption of the city council, which imposes sanctions on north korea. that clarified our intention to further intensify pressure on
north korea, to force it to undertake a fundamental change in its path forward. but i must make an appeal to you. north korea has already demonstrated its disregard of the resolution by launching yet another missile. the resolution is nothing more than the beginning. missiles fromt heading to north korea. we must make north korea comply fully with repeated resolutions. we must ensure the strict and full implementation of a series of security council resolutions by all u.n. member nations.
what is necessary is action. whether or not we can put an end to the provocation of north korea is dependent upon the solidarity of the international community. there is not much time left. mr. president, ladies and gentlemen, north korea is in a truly fortunate location, joining the growth area of asia and the pacific. it hasn't industrious labor force and underground resources. if it were to make use of those, there could be a path toward dramatically growing its economy. that is where north korea's bright future lies.
by failing to resolve the adoption of nuclear missile and weapons issues, and by becoming a threat to all humanity, there is absolutely no future that north korea can open up for itself. in order to change north korea's policies, we must strengthen our unity. thank you very much. [applause] >> on behalf of the general assembly, i wish to thank his excellency, mr. shinzo abe, prime minister of japan, for the statement he just made. announcer: today on c-span, the congressional black caucus looks
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